Read pages 27-30 in your textbook and take notes to create a mind map about what was happening in England during the Middle Ages. Great Britain was populated by the native Celtic people who had settled there after being forced out of Europe by the Romans and other invaders. Remember that the Roman Empire had extended all the way to England (Hadrian's Wall in the north). After the fall of Rome in the fifth century, Britain was invaded by the Angles, Saxons and Jutes from Germany (see map below left) who drove them further west into Wales, Cornwall, Scotland and Ireland. The invaders became known as the Anglo-Saxons, or English and they divided England into 7 kingdoms (see map on bottom left), leaving Wales, Cornwall, Scotland and Ireland to the Celts (see map below right). In Ireland the Celts established monasteries whose purpose was to create books. Monks spent their time writing down the Latin, Greek and Celtic stories. They were able to preserve the cultural heritage of Rome, Greece and Ireland because their monasteries were not destroyed by the Vikings like so many others in the rest of Europe. England acted as a barrier to protect Ireland from invading forces. On the attached map you need to fill in the names of the kingdoms using the map on page 29 as a guide to help you. Answer questions 1 (7 points), 2 (8 points), 3a (6 points), 4 (1 point), and 6 (1 point for location, 1 point for population distribution, 2 points for religious influences) on page 30.